Enclosed between the Ortler Massif and the Ötztal Alps, lies the Venosta Valley, with the driest climate in the Alps. With only 500 mm of annual rainfall (highly unusual in this Central Alpine region), the vegetation located on the sunny side of Monte Sole mountain, has to survive in harsh conditions. The resource-poor “Vinschger Leiten” refers to land that was previously cleared and shielded from the elements, on the slopes of Monte Sole mountain.

The special microclimate on Monte Sole mountain is ideal for species that survive in dry soil conditions, such as fields of grass, scrub oaks and dwarf shrubs. These lands possess good water absorption properties but have difficulty in retaining water. Thus, Monte Sole mountain is home to an unusual variety of Alpine flora and fauna that have been able to adapt to wide fluctuations in temperatures and to the high soil temperatures in summer.