Thanks to its varied and yet peaceful history, Venosta Valley in South Tyrol is richly endowed with monuments dating from many periods. Some of the 40 castles and fortresses in the valley are now ruins, many others have been preserved through ongoing use and restoration.

One of the best preserved is the Churburg Castle in Sluderno/Schluderns, which was founded in the 13th century and subsequently – much like the nearby Goldrain Castle and Schlandersburg Castle – converted to a richly-decorated residential palace in Renaissance style. Kastelbell Castle is a mighty fortress situated above the rocks at the Via Claudia Augusta. The ruins of the Lichtenberg Castle and the Rotund Castle in Tubre/Taufers, one of the highest located castles in Tyrol, are also well worth a visit.