With about 900 inhabitants, the historical town of Glorenza
, below the mystical Tarces Hill
, is the smallest city in the Southern Alps. Glorenza has a medieval city center, mansions and arcades, and the only preserved closed fortification in the Alps.
Inhabited since ancient times, Glorenza, in Roman times, was a Roman settlement on the trade route Via Claudia Augusta
. In 1304, the small town on the Adige River was first mentioned as a city; with market rights, it became a hub of the salt trade.
In 1499 Glorenza was almost entirely destroyed in the Battle of Calven
during the Swabian War. It was then that – only completed in beginning of the 16th century – the curtain wall was built. For a few years now, the city has been hosting a permanent exhibition in one of the gate towers honoring Paul Flora
, the famous artist and cartoonist from Glorenza who died in 2009.
Discover the medieval town of Glorenza during a City tour. On request also available in Englisch.